Design of the New Electricity Generation System and Its Operation
A member of HEGEM (Lifelong Education and Development Center) Association, Associate Professor Dr. Kemal DURUHAN in the field of education philosophy at Inonu University has developed a system pledging a significant difference in power generation. This technological design which is believed to cure the global warming thanks to the environment-friendly energy it generates in a renewable and sustainable way.
The system will be able to operate in any kind of still water, either natural or artificial, (Sea, Lake, pond or pool) entirely under human control throughout the year (7X24) based on renewal and sustainable power generation principle.
The system pledges increasing the global power generation hundreds times in a cost- and time-affective way and the resulting clean and environment-friendly power will terminate the need for all fossil fuels currently used in power generation. The generated electricity will be so plenty that it will allow the implementation of electricity-driven cars and roads, it will facilitate illumination, industrial manufacture, and heating. Moreover, this system can be used in marine transportation.
This system is a hydroelectricity power plant, which is placed onto water floor in non-flowing water (e.g. sea, lake, pond, pool), surrounded by walls, with its center open from bottom to top and in contact with atmosphere, which has a transitive water reservoir with its top above the water surface level adjacent to the outer wall of the plant and some part under water and higher than non-flowing water mass level. The system is based on generating electricity by transmitting the flowing water through penstock into flow pipe
Its difference from other hydroelectricity power plants is that it is not placed over the river flow regime but into the non-flowing water. These hydroelectricity power plants can be designed in different places and various sizes as single and multiple structures with one or more turbine(s) depending on the water’s volume.
The Structure of the System
W: Non-flowing water Mass
S: Surface of the non-flowing water mass
1: Transitive Water Reservoir
1a: Passage Pipes
1b: Air release, Water pumping mechanism
1c: Transient water reservoir lid
2: Flow Pipe
2a: Electric Turbine
2b: Lidded End of Flow Pipe
2c: Lidded Intake of Water Catchment Pipe
3: Plant Walls
3a-b: Transitive Water Reservoir Foundations
3c: The Pipe transmitting the electricity generated and delivered to the city
4: Water Catchment Pool
4a: Outlet of Water Catchment Pipe
4b: Motor-driven Water Discharge Mechanism
Operation of the System
The system is made ready for operation by closing the lid of the penstock and the lids of the passage pipes in and out of the water reservoirs, allowing the reservoir to fill with water completely (including the entire penstock) through the top lid. The upper part of the penstock is above the non-flowing water mass level and its lower part is below the non-flowing water mass level. As the lid of the penstock opens, thanks to the force of gravity, the water flows downward with a momentum. With the resulting pulling force, the lids of the passage pipes open (the lids of the parts in the transitive water reservoir opens naturally with the pulling force caused by the water flowing down the penstock. The lids of the parts out of the water reservoir and in the non-flowing water mass) and the non-flowing water mass is transmitted to the water reservoir. The water flowing through the penstock is sent to the flow pipe in contact with atmosphere and in open space. Next, the flowing water is discharged into non-flowing water mass through the one-way lids of the flow pipes outside the plant, which open outward.
To improve the operation of the system to a great extent, the following principles should be noted:
The total diameter of the ends of the passage pipes in the water reservoir cannot be bigger than the diameter of the end of the penstock. The diameters of the penstock and flow pipe are nearly the same. Transitive water reservoir should be placed slightly inclining to the left in order to allow the water mass in the transitive water reservoir to apply high pressure to the water in penstock.
In order to improve the operation performance of the system, the length and connections of the penstock and flow pipe must be adjusted by the engineers.
The Maintenance of the System
After the mouth of the penstock is closed with a lid, the lid of water catchment pipe that is in the end of flow pipe in plant will automatically open and the remaining water in the flow pipe gathers in the water catchment pool. Since the water in the flow pipe discharged, non-flowing water mass will rush towards flow pipe and causes the lids to close. This enables the maintenance of the system.
The water that was gathered in the water catchment pool is discharged into the non-flowing water mass with the help of motor that work with electrical energy obtained when the system worked again.
The air filled at the top part of the transitive water reservoir in time due to the air resolved in water is released and replaced with water using an air release and water pump mechanism.